In this second wave of Kovid-19 (In the second wave of Covid-19) Coronavirus has badly infected people. The situation is that a large number of people are having trouble breathing. Because of which patients are isolated in hospitals or at home, most people have to take the help of oxygen cylinders and oxygen concentrators. Because of this its shortage is also being seen many times. Both oxygen cylinder and oxygen concentrator are being used to save lives, but do you know what is the difference between an oxygen cylinder and an oxygen concentrator? Let's know
Learn about oxygen cylinder
You know about the oxygen cylinder. It is a long iron cylinder. In which oxygen gas is full and filling is required to be done when it is empty. It does not have any wheels or stand, due to which it is a bit difficult to lift it. Also, it does not have any necessary accessories like an oxygen mask and the nasal tube attached to it. They all have to be bought separately from the cylinder.
Know about oxygen concentrator
An oxygen concentrator is a portable option that can be easily moved from one place to another without lifting it. It is a medical device in which all the necessary accessories like oxygen masks and nasal tubes and other essentials are attached together. It can work twenty four hours with the help of electricity, but it can give only five to ten liters of oxygen in one minute. There are two types of oxygen concentrators. One is a continuous pulse and the other is called flow concentrator. After turning on the flow concentrator, it works continuously until it is closed. So at the same time, the pulse concentrator keeps in mind the breathing pattern of the patient and starts giving oxygen only when the patient detects inhalation.
This is how oxygen concentrator works
The oxygen concentrator is not filled with oxygen gas, rather it collects oxygen from the surrounding environment and supplies this oxygen to the patient. The environment contains about 78 percent nitrogen and up to 21 percent oxygen gas. The rest of the gas is present in about 1 percent. The oxygen concentrator filters the air from the environment and supplies oxygen to the patient, leaving nitrogen and the remaining gas back in the environment. Concentrators also have pressure valves to regulate the oxygen supply and are designed in such a way that it can deliver oxygen to the patient for a long time.
Science and Technology