The central government may be showing interest in increasing the enrollment of higher education, but states like Bihar, Chhattisgarh, and Assam are not interested in it. That is why these states have the least number of people pursuing higher education. In Bihar, the Gross Enrollment Ratio (GER) of those pursuing higher education is only 14.5 percent. That is, only one youth in every seven in the age group of 18 to 23 is pursuing higher education. While the GER of Assam is 17.3 percent and that of Chhattisgarh is 18.5 percent. That is, in both the states, only one out of every six youth in the age group of 18 to 23 is pursuing higher education.
Dozens of states like UP, Gujarat and Madhya Pradesh lag behind the national average in GER
This information regarding enrollment of higher education has come out from the report of All India Higher Education Survey 2019-20. In this, the Gross Enrollment Ratio has been prepared based on the total population of 18 to 23 years of age eligible for higher education of all the states and the number of students studying in higher educational institutions. The national average of GER in this report is 27.1 percent. However, there are also about a dozen such states like Bengal, UP, Gujarat and Madhya Pradesh, whose GER is much less than the national average of the country.
Government is constantly engaged in increasing the GER of higher education
According to the report, the GER in higher education is 19.9 percent in Bengal, 25.3 percent in UP, 21.30 percent in Gujarat, 24.2 percent in Madhya Pradesh, 20.9 percent in Jharkhand, 20.2 percent in Tripura, 24.1 percent in Rajasthan and 18.5 percent in Nagaland. This situation is when the government is constantly trying to increase the GER of higher education. Under the new National Education Policy, a target has been set to increase the national average GER of higher education to 50 percent by the year 2035.
Many states and union territories performed very well
According to the survey report, many states and union territories of the country are also performing very well in higher education. Among these, Sikkim is the only state whose gross enrollment ratio is 75.8%. That is, three out of every four children are pursuing higher education. Only one child is deprived of it. On the other hand, Chandigarh's GER is 52.1 percent and Tamil Nadu's GER is 51.4 percent.
In the last five years, about three hundred new universities have been established in the country.
Significantly, in order to promote higher education, the central and state governments are constantly setting up new higher educational institutions in remote areas. It can also be estimated from this that in the last five years, about three hundred new universities and about four thousand new colleges have been established in the country. At present, the number of universities in the country is 1,043 and the number of colleges is about 42 thousand.