The relations between the current Government of Afghanistan and India are very strong and cordial. Many top leaders of Afghanistan have been visiting India from time to time. This shows the warmth in the relations between the two countries. Not only this, India-Afghanistan has completed many mega projects costing billions of dollars and some are in progress. On the other hand, the government of Afghanistan has been accusing Pakistan of sponsoring terrorism here. However, the relations between Pakistan and the Taliban are very cordial. With the withdrawal of American troops, a period of political instability has started in Afghanistan. Taliban influence in Afghanistan is increasing. Pak is angry from the inside due to the increasing dominance of the Taliban, but India's concerns have increased.
The relations between the two countries got a new identity in the 1980s.
Pro. Harsh Pant says that Afghanistan is an important ally and friend of India in South Asia. Bilateral relations between the two countries have traditionally been strong and friendly. In fact, relations between the two countries got a new identity in the 1980s, but after the Afghan-civil war of 1990 and the Taliban came to power there, relations between India and Afghanistan continued to weaken. Relations between the two countries were once again strengthened when the Taliban was voted out of power in 2001. India has since become the largest regional provider of humanitarian and reconstruction assistance to Afghanistan.
India most popular country in Afghanistan
Pro. Pant said that at present the most popular country in Afghanistan is India. The big reason for this is that India has a big contribution in the reconstruction of Afghanistan. India has invested in various construction projects in Afghanistan. India has so far given the assistance of about three billion dollars to Afghanistan. Under this, Parliament buildings, roads and dams etc. have been constructed in Afghanistan. Still working on many humanitarian and development projects. Both countries agreed that concrete and meaningful steps should be taken to promote peace and stability in Afghanistan and to immediately stop violent incidents.
Steps taken by India for the development of Afghanistan
In fact, the two countries have agreed to work on 116 community development projects, which will be implemented in 31 provinces of Afghanistan. These include the sectors of education, health, agriculture, irrigation, drinking water, renewable energy, sports infrastructure and administrative infrastructure. Under this, work will be started on the Mulberry dam and drinking water project for Kabul. In addition, low-cost houses are proposed to be constructed in Nangarhar province to encourage resettlement of Afghan refugees. India is helping to build road connectivity to Bandh-e-Amir in Bamyan province. India is also helping in the construction of water supply network for Charikar city and polytechnic at Mazar-e-Sharif. India has also assured cooperation for the establishment of the Afghan National University of Agricultural Science and Technology in Kandahar.
India's biggest diplomatic challenge
Pro. Pant said that India is continuously helping Afghanistan on the development front, but on the security front, India has not taken any step so far. The US military's stay in Afghanistan is an issue related to its security. If the US forces leave Afghanistan, there is a possibility of Taliban dominance there. In such a situation, it is natural for India to be worried about the development projects financed by it. If the Afghan army weakens and the Taliban becomes dominant, then all India's hard work in Afghanistan may be in vain. Dealing with these situations is a big diplomatic challenge for India.
Pakistan and China worried about India's diplomatic initiative