Nobel Prize 2021: In the field of medicine, the prize has been announced jointly to David Julius and Ardum Patputian.Both American scientists are being awarded for their discovery of the receptor for temperature and touch.The names of these winners were announced today by the Secretary-General of the Nobel Committee, Thomas Perlman.
This year's Nobel Prize winners explain that heat, cold and touch can initiate signals in our nervous system.Identified ion channels are important for many physiological processes and pathological conditions.
Scientist Ardum Pataputian with his son Luca was watching the press conference of the Nobel Prize Committee when the awards were announced.When the awards were announced, happiness was clearly visible on both of their faces.
Thomas Perlman, the Secretary-General of the Nobel Committee, said that this actually revealed one of the mysteries of nature.It is really something that is vital to our existence.So this is a very important and profound discovery.
The committee said that Julius (65) used capsaicin, a component of pepper, to identify nerve sensors.The skin reacts to temperature by nerve sensors.She said that Pataputian detected different pressure-sensitive sensors in the cells.Last year, the same pair was given the prestigious Kavli Award for 'Neuroscience'.