EXCLUSIVE: Madhya Pradesh, Assam and Odisha fail to reduce infant mortality rate, 4 states including Kerala outshine

Pankaj Prasad
NITI Aayog, infant mortality rate, Healthy States Progressive India

Madhya Pradesh has the highest death of 55 children under the age of 5, while 52 in Assam and 50 in Odisha die.

Infant Mortality Rate: After the vast improvement in health services from city to village, the mortality rate of children under 5 years has come down, but if we compare with other countries like India, then our situation is still very bad. 39 out of 1000 children in the country do not survive beyond the age of 5. In many states of India, this situation is even worse. Especially in Madhya Pradesh, Assam and Odisha. These three states are such where the death rate of children below 5 years is between 50 and 55. These facts have come out from the recent report of the World Bank.

In this World Bank report published by NITI Aayog, it has been said that Madhya Pradesh has the highest death of 55 children under the age of 5 years, while 52 in Assam and 50 in Odisha die. Earlier in Assam and Madhya Pradesh, the death rate of children below 5 years was 62. Jharkhand has improved a lot in this matter, whereas Bihar still needs to improve a lot. In Bihar, this rate is still 43 percent, which is 4 percent more than the national rate.

45 in Rajasthan, 47 in Uttar Pradesh, 49 percent in Chhattisgarh die in the cheeks before the age of 5. 41 in Uttarakhand, 37 in Andhra Pradesh, 37 in Haryana, 34 in Telangana, 33 in Gujarat, 29 in Karnataka, 27 in Himachal Pradesh, 27 in West Bengal, 26 in Jammu and Kashmir, 24 in Punjab, 21 in Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu 19 and in Kerala only 11 children die at this age. That is, Kerala, Tamil Nadu and Maharashtra have made arrangements for better health of young children. Better than before, these states have further improved their system.

The World Bank report shows that the major states of India have been successful in reducing the mortality rate of children under 5 years of age. But, Chhattisgarh and Uttarakhand are two such states, where there has been an increase in this case, which is worrying. Earlier in Uttarakhand, 38 children died out of 1000 children, which has now increased to 41. Similarly, the death rate of children below 5 years of age in Chhattisgarh has increased from 48 to 49.

Assam and Madhya Pradesh were the two states where this rate was 62. After a lot of hard work, both these states effectively reduced this figure. Still more effort is needed. To improve the health of the country, the government has started the ranking of states through NITI Aayog. The states are given a chance to improve their ranking year after year. Bihar still lags far behind in many matters related to health. On the contrary, Jharkhand, which was carved out of Bihar, is busy in rapid reforms and is trying to keep pace with the developed states.

4 states achieved the target


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Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra and Punjab are the only states which have achieved the target given by the government. Here the mortality rate of children below 5 years is 25 or less.