President Election: Presidential election today, know who will vote where and how

S Choudhury
Presidential election today
Presidential election today

The voting process will be completed in the Parliament House and the Legislative Assemblies of different states from 10 am to 5 pm on Monday. The Election Commission will declare the results on July 21, three days after the voting.

Voting is to be held today for the election of the next President of the country. The voting process will be completed in the Parliament House and the Legislative Assemblies of different states from 10 am to 5 pm on Monday. The Election Commission will declare the results on July 21, three days after the voting. That is, under the whole process, on July 25, the new President of the country will take the oath of office and secrecy. 

However, there are many questions in the minds of the people regarding the voting process to be held tomorrow? For example, how are presidential elections different from general elections? What will be the voting process in these? Who will vote in these? Is the value of vote of different voters also different? How is the value of votes decided? Let's know… 

Who votes in the presidential election?                         

State  

number of members

Value of vote of a member

Value of vote of all members

Andra Pradesh

175

159

27,825

Arunachal Pradesh

60

08

480

Assam

126

116

14,616

A state in Eastern India

243

173

42,039

Chhattisgarh  

90

129

11,610

Goa  

40  

20  

800

Gujarat

182  

147

26,754

Haryana    

90

112

10,080

Himachal Pradesh

68  

51

3,468

Jharkhand  

81

176

14,256

Karnataka    

224

131

29,344

Kerala  

140  

152

21,280

Madhya Pradesh  

230

131

30,130

Maharashtra    

288

175

50,400

Manipur  

60

18

1,080

Meghalaya

60

17  

1,020

Mizoram

40  

08

320

Nagaland    

60

09

540

Odisha  

147

149  

21,903

Punjab

117

116

13,572

Rajasthan

200

129

25,800

Sikkim

32

07

224

Tamil Nadu

234

176

41,184

Telangana

119

132  

15,708

Tripura

60  

26

1,560

Uttarakhand

70

64

4,480

Uttar Pradesh  

403  

208

83,824

West Bengal  

294

151

44,394

Delhi      

70

58

4060

Puducherry

30

16

480

gross

4033

------------

5,43,231

* The Legislative Assembly of Jammu and Kashmir is currently dissolved. 

In the election of the President, all the MPs of Lok Sabha, Rajya Sabha and MLAs of all the states cast their votes. The importance of each of these votes is different. Even the value of vote of an MLA of different state is different. The value of a vote of an MP is 708. But this time due to absence of assembly in Jammu and Kashmir, the value of votes of MPs has come down to 700. On the other hand, the value of the vote of MLAs depends on the population of that state and the number of seats.  

How important is the vote of state legislators?

The value of the vote of an MLA of the country's most populous state, Uttar Pradesh, is the highest at 208. At the same time, after this, the value of the vote of an MLA from Jharkhand and Tamil Nadu is 176 and the value of the vote of an MLA from Maharashtra is 175. The value of vote of an MLA of Bihar is 173. Sikkim's MLAs have the least value. The value of the vote of an MLA here is seven. After this the number comes from the MLAs of Arunachal and Mizoram. The value of vote of an MLA here is eight.

What is the value of vote of MLA of which state? 

What will be the value of the votes of MPs?

Out of 245 Rajya Sabha MPs, 233 vote in the presidential election. 543 MPs cast their votes in the Lok Sabha. The cost of one vote of Rajya Sabha and Lok Sabha members is 700. The number of members in both the houses is 776. In this sense, the value of all the votes of MPs is 5,43,200. Now if we look at the total value of the votes of the members of the assembly and the MPs, then it becomes 10 lakh 86 thousand 431. Meaning that votes of such value will be cast in the presidential election.

How many voters will there be in the presidential election? 

The members of the Lok Sabha, the Rajya Sabha and the Legislative Assemblies of the states cast their votes in the presidential election. Out of the 245-member Rajya Sabha, only 233 MPs can cast their votes. 12 nominated MPs do not vote in this election. With this, all 543 members of the Lok Sabha will participate in voting. These will also include the winning MPs of the recent by-elections held in Azamgarh, Rampur and Sangrur.  

Apart from this, a total of 4 thousand 33 MLAs from all the states will also vote for the Presidential election. In this way, the total number of voters in the presidential election will be 4 thousand 809. However, the value of their votes will vary. 

How voters can vote for their preferred candidate?

In order to ease the voting process and the subsequent counting of votes, the Election Commission not only sets aside separate voting places for MPs and MLAs, but also gives them slips of different colours. While MPs get green slips for voting, the color of MLAs slips is pink. 

The voting process in the presidential election is of single transferable vote. That is, in these elections, voters can vote for more than one candidate according to their preference. For example, if there are four candidates for the presidency, then people can vote by deciding first priority (1), second priority (2), third priority (3) and fourth priority (4). However, even if voters elect only one candidate, their vote is still valid. Voters can give preference to the candidate of their choice by writing in international format or can also write marks in their own language. However, it is forbidden to write these numbers in words. If the candidate in the first preference does not get more than fifty percent of the votes, the votes of the second preference are counted.

Do parties issue whips for this election as well?

Whip is a kind of order, then parties issue it to their MPs and MLAs. Violation of the whip also leads to loss of membership of the concerned MP or MLA. However, parties cannot issue a whip in a presidential election. In fact, voting in the presidential election is kept secret. That is, MLAs and MPs are not obliged to tell their choice to the party.