Big disclosure from the research of scientists, friendly bacteria that make Ganga water nectar

Rachna Kumari
Ganga water
Ganga water

The Alaknanda and Bhagirathi, the tributaries of the Ganges, are not in good health. Micro invertebrates, the friendly bacteria that make water healthy, are rapidly becoming extinct due to pollution.

The Alaknanda and Bhagirathi, the tributaries of the Ganges, are not in good health. Micro invertebrates, the friendly bacteria that make water healthy, are rapidly becoming extinct due to pollution. This has been revealed by the research of scientists of Wildlife Institute of India.

In Bhagirathi river from Gomukh to Devprayag, either the friendly bacteria are completely absent or their number is very less. The same situation has been found in the Alaknanda river from Mana to Devprayag. According to scientists, the low availability of micro-invertebrates in both the rivers is an indication that the water quality here is not good at present. The team of scientists is preparing a detailed report.

These reasons are spoiling the health

of the all-weather road, as well as the debris of the development works being done on a large scale on the banks of the rivers are being dumped directly into the rivers. The dirty water coming out of the houses of the cities situated on the banks of the rivers is being discharged into the rivers without treatment. Due to Batriaphos bacteria, the purity of Ganga water remains. In the research done by hydrologists in the past, it has come to the fore that a bacteria called Batriaphos is found in the Ganges water, which keeps on eating the undesirable substances produced by chemical reactions inside the Ganges water.

This maintains the purity of Gangajal. According to the scientists, the purity of the Ganges water remains intact due to the presence of a lot of sulfur in it and the Ganges water does not get spoiled for a long time. The Ganges cleans itself of the dirt in the flow of just one kilometer. It has also been revealed from scientific research that other rivers of the country are able to clean themselves after the flow of fifteen to twenty kilometers and the dirt found in the rivers It gets deposited at the bottom of rivers. But, the Ganges cleans itself in a flow of just one kilometer.

The worrying aspect

is the number of friendly bacteria, somewhere less than 15 percent, in both the rivers the friendly bacteria were studied on the parameters of Ephemeroptera, Plecoptera, Trichoptera (EPT). If the EPT index is found to be 20 percent in the water of a river, then it proves that the water quality is fine. If the EPT index is more than 30%, it means that the water quality is very good. However, the index of EPT has been found to be less than 15 per cent in many places in both the rivers, which is a worrying aspect.

These scientists studied

under the supervision of senior scientist Dr. VP Uniyal, Dr. Nikhil Singh and others examined the friendly bacteria (micro invertebrates) at different places in both the rivers. Scientists under the National Mission for Clean Ganga (NMCG) conducted the study from Mana (Badrinath) to Devprayag in the Alaknanda river and from Gomukh to Devprayag in the Bhagirathi river. According to the scientists, Ganga water has the ability to absorb oxygen from the atmosphere much more than the water of other rivers. Compared to other rivers, the ability to digest the filth in the Ganges is found to be 20 times more. The capacity of the Ganges to absorb filth is 20 times more. The tributaries of the Ganges are Bhagirathi, Alaknanda, Mahakali, Karnali, Kosi, Gandak, Saryu, Yamuna, Son river and Mahananda rivers.
Many species are found , 140 species of fish including dolphins, 35 of reptiles, 42 species
of mammals are found in the Ganges river .