There were 51 lakh cases pending in the High Courts across the country (till 16 September 2020). The figure was presented in Parliament by Union Law Minister Ravi Shankar Prasad. On this occasion, he also informed about pending cases in the District and Subordinate Courts. As of 16 September, 3.45 crore cases were pending in district and subordinate courts of various states and union territories. According to government data, 51,52,921 cases are pending in high courts across the country, of which 36,77,089 (71 per cent) are civil and 14,75,832. (29 per cent) are criminal cases.
Most cases pending in Allahabad High Court
According to government data, the maximum number of cases are pending in Allahabad High Court (7,46,677 or 14%). These include 3,99,710 civil cases and 3,46,967 criminal cases. Punjab and Haryana Haryana courts have 6,07,069 (12%) cases pending.
Maximum cases pending in UP's district and subordinate courts
A total of 3,44,73,068 cases are pending in the district and subordinate courts of UP, out of which 94,49,268 (27%) are civil cases and 2,50,23,800 (73%) are criminal cases. The maximum number of cases are pending in Uttar Pradesh (81,86,410 or 24%) among the states and union territories. It is followed by Maharashtra (42,21,418 or 12%) and Bihar (30,94,186 or 9%).
System of village courts
In order to reduce pending cases, the Law Minister said that the Central Government is making Village Courts at the intermediate panchayat level under the Village Courts Act. In a written reply, the said State Governments / High Court has notified 395 village courts in 12 states, out of which 225 are currently operational. State governments can form village courts after assessing local issues after consulting the respective high courts. Cases pending in district and subordinate courts can be transferred to village courts as per jurisdiction. The central government provided financial assistance to establish and operate the village court.
Last week, Law Minister Ravi Shankar Prasad gave information about the number of women judges in the Supreme Court and various High Courts in the country in response to a question. The Law Minister had said in written reply that there are a total of 1,113 judges in various High Courts, including 34 judges of the Supreme Court. Of these, only 80 are female judges, which is 7.2% of the total number of judges. Out of these 80 women judges, only two are in the Supreme Court, while 78 are in different High Courts.